News and Events
37 Percent Diagnosed With Type 1 Diabetes After Age 30MONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes often occurs after age 30 years, more so in men and racial/ethnic minorities, according to a research letter published online Sept. 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Michael Fang, Ph.D.,...Nirmatrelvir, Molnupiravir Use Lowers Risks for Omicron-InfectedMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- For patients infected with omicron at high risk for progression to severe disease, treatment with nirmatrelvir or molnupiravir is associated with reductions in mortality and hospitalization, according to a study published...Family History Influences Penetrance of Hereditary CancersMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- For individuals with a pathogenic variant in the major genes responsible for hereditary breast cancer or Lynch syndrome, having a first-degree family history is associated with increased cancer risk, according to a study...Surgeons Perform Transplant of Gene-Tweaked Pig Heart Into Second PatientMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- A second human patient has received a genetically altered pig heart as he battles the ravages of end-stage heart disease. The 58-year-old man, Lawrence Faucette, received the pig organ at the University of Maryland Medical...Heat-Related Deaths Could Break Records This Year in Phoenix, America's Hottest CityMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- Phoenix, already the hottest major city in the nation, experienced its most scorching summer on record this year, new data show. And that will likely prompt the highest number of heat-associated deaths ever reported in the...Cardiac Rehab Barriers Vary Globally According to RegionMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) barriers vary globally according to region, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, P.T., Ph.D., from the University of...Many Receiving Alpelisib for Metastatic Breast Cancer Have HyperglycemiaMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- For patients with metastatic breast cancer receiving the PI3K inhibitor alpelisib, hyperglycemia often occurs, with a median time to onset of 16 days, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in Cancer.
Sherry Shen,...Novel Model Aids Prediction of Survival in Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection FractionMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- For individuals with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), a new model facilitates prediction of lifelong overall and heart failure hospitalization-free survival and treatment benefit, according to a study...Benefit of ICD Attenuated in CKD Patients Receiving Cardiac ResynchronizationMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- For patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), the benefit of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) may be attenuated, according to a study published...Exercise Intervention Has Biological Effect in Lynch SyndromeMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- An exercise intervention has biological effects on the immune system among patients with Lynch syndrome (LS), according to a study published online Sept. 19 in Clinical Cancer Research.
Nan Deng, from The University of...Machine Algorithm IDs Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysms That Get MissedMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- Unruptured cerebral aneurysms (UCAs) of sizes that warrant attention and possibly treatment that are missed in routine care can be identified by a machine learning algorithm, according to a study published online Sept. 13...Short-Term Survival Worse for Single-Ventricle Congenital Heart Disease PatientsMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- Single-ventricle congenital heart disease (CHD) patients undergoing heart transplant have worse short-term survival, according to a study published online in the Sept. 19 issue of the Journal of the American College of...Increased Exposure to PFAS, Phenols Linked to Prior Cancer DiagnosisMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), phenols, and parabens are associated with a previous cancer diagnosis, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in the Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental...Waist-to-Hip Ratio Has Strongest Link With All-Cause MortalityMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) has a strong, consistent association with all-cause mortality, regardless of body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online Sept. 20 in JAMA Network Open.
Irfan Khan, from the David...Combo Immunotherapy With Durvalumab Effective for NSCLCMONDAY, Sept. 25, 2023 -- For patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), combination immunotherapy with the anti-programmed death-ligand 1 monoclonal antibody durvalumab and other novel agents outperforms durvalumab alone in the...Physical Jobs Tied to Higher Risk for Later Cognitive ImpairmentFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Consistently working in an occupation with intermediate or high occupational physical activity (PA) is linked to an increased risk for cognitive impairment, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in The Lancet...Cheese Slices RecalledFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Kraft Heinz said it is recalling more than 83,000 packs of its Kraft Singles American processed cheese slices because of a packaging defect in the plastic that wraps the cheese slices.
A temporary issue developed on one of...Critical Outcomes in COVID-19 Hospitalizations Decreased Over TimeFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- From 2021 to 2023, there was a decrease in the proportion of adults hospitalized with COVID-19 who experienced critical outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Eric P....Morning Exercise May Be Best for Weight ManagementFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Morning appears to be the best time of day to exercise for weight management, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Obesity.
Tongyu Ma, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., from Hong Kong Polytechnic University, and colleagues used...CMS: Medicaid Reinstated for Nearly 500,000 Children and FamiliesFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- About 500,000 children and families have had their Medicaid reinstated after some states erroneously purged them because of a systems issue, the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid said Thursday.
The agency had first...Good Oral Health Linked to Improved Survival in Head & Neck CancerFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- For patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, good oral health is associated with improved survival, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Jason...High Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index Tied to Higher Mortality With Peritoneal DialysisFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- An elevated systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) is independently associated with increased risks for all-cause and cardiovascular-specific mortality in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, according to a study...Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Helps Relieve Fibromyalgia PainFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is superior to a matched education treatment in reducing the interfering effects of pain and other aspects of fibromyalgia, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in Arthritis...CHD Risk Increased for Men Exposed to Work Strain, Effort-Reward ImbalanceFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Men exposed to job strain or effort-reward imbalance (ERI) have an increased risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a study published online Sept. 19 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and...Screen Time at Age 1 Year Tied to Worse Later Developmental PerformanceFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Increased TV/DVD screen time at 1 and 2 years of age negatively affects developmental performance at 2 and 3 years of age, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in JAMA Pediatrics.
Midori Yamamoto, Ph.D., from...Midlife Insomnia May Increase Risk for Later DementiaFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Insomnia and short sleep duration in middle age increase the risk for dementia, according to a study published in the September issue of Age and Ageing.
Xiao Tan, from the Zhejiang University School of Public Health in...Artificial Intelligence Has High Performance for Detecting PCOSFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) have high diagnostic and classification performance for detection of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), according to a review published online Sept. 18 in Frontiers in...Higher Consumption of Ultraprocessed Foods May Increase Risk for Later DepressionFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Greater ultraprocessed food (UPF) intake is associated with an increased risk for depression, according to a research letter published online Sept. 20 in JAMA Network Open.
Chatpol Samuthpongtorn, M.D., from Massachusetts...Substance Use Tied to Acute Cardiovascular Events During DeliveryFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- Substance use has a strong association with acute cardiovascular events and maternal mortality during hospitalization for delivery, according to a study published in the October issue of JACC: Advances.
Kari Evans, M.D.,...Machine Learning Model Can Predict Mortality After Hip FractureFRIDAY, Sept. 22, 2023 -- A machine learning model based on high-ranking biomarkers can predict mortality in patients with hip fracture, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in the Journal of Orthopedic Research.
George Asrian, M.D.,...Need for FDA to Take Strong Action on Retailers Selling Tobacco to TeensTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- A new government report reveals that federal regulators need to do more to help in the battle to keep children and teens off tobacco.
Among the report's findings were that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration needs to...ChatGPT Generates Differential Diagnoses With Similar Accuracy to Emergency DoctorsTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- ChatGPT performance in generating differential diagnoses appears to be similar to emergency department medical experts, according to a research letter published online Sept. 9 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine to...Pediatric ED Visits for Mental, Behavioral Conditions Increased During School TermTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- For children and adolescents, the number and proportion of weekly emergency department visits for mental health and behavioral conditions is higher during the academic year, according to research published in the Sept. 22...Free COVID-19 Test Program to ResumeTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- Americans will once again be able to get free at-home COVID-19 tests.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced Wednesday that it will spend $600 million to buy and offer the tests, produced by 12...Most PCPs Do Not Feel Comfortable Screening for Firearm SafetyTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- Only a minority of internal medicine (IM) providers report feeling comfortable conducting routine firearm safety screening, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in the Journal of General Internal...Higher Buprenorphine Dose Increases Likelihood of Staying in TreatmentTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- Patients initiating buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder who are prescribed a 24-mg dose are more likely to remain in treatment longer than those prescribed 16 mg, according to a study published online Sept. 18...Treatment Failure Similar for Amoxicillin +/− Clavulanate for Pediatric Acute SinusitisTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- There is no difference in the risk for treatment failure for outpatient children with acute sinusitis treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate compared with amoxicillin, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of...Dabrafenib, Trametinib Active in Pediatric Glioma With BRAF V600THURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- Dabrafenib plus trametinib results in significantly more responses and longer progression-free survival than standard chemotherapy for pediatric patients with low-grade glioma with BRAF V600 mutations, according to a...Fluticasone Furoate Does Not Cut Time to COVID-19 Symptom ResolutionTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- For outpatients with mild-to-moderate COVID-19, inhaled fluticasone furoate does not shorten time to symptom resolution, according to a study published in the Sept. 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
David...Premenstrual Disorders Tied to Earlier Natural MenopauseTHURSDAY, Sept. 21, 2023 -- Premenstrual disorders (PMDs) are associated with a higher risk for early menopause, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in JAMA Network Open.
Yihui Yang, from the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, and...