News and Events

Low Vitamin D Levels Tied to Interstitial Lung Disease
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Vitamin D deficiency is independently associated with subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD) and its progression, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Nutrition. Samuel M. Kim, M.D., from the Johns...


Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease Score Underestimates Mortality
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- The Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease (PELD) score underestimates the actual probability of 90-day pretransplant mortality for children undergoing a primary liver transplant, according to a study published online Sept. 17...


HbA1c Variability Is a Strong Predictor of Mortality in T2DM
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) variability may be a more powerful predictor of all-cause mortality with type 2 diabetes than average HbA1c, according to a study published in the August issue of Diabetes, Obesity and...


Sensitivity for CRC Detection Up With Decreasing FIT Threshold
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Programmatic sensitivity for colorectal cancer (CRC) detection increases modestly with decreasing fecal immunochemical test (FIT) positivity thresholds, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in the Annals of...


Repeat CT Common in Peds Traumatic Epidural Hematoma
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- For children with traumatic epidural hematomas (EDHs), repeated computed tomography (CT) imaging is common, but rarely impacts management, according to a study published in the September issue of Pediatrics. Brian F....


Lifestyle Interventions Cut Excess Gestational Weight Gain
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Lifestyle interventions focusing on diet and physical activity result in less excess gestational weight gain (GWG) among women with overweight and obesity, according to a study published in the September issue of...


More Hurt, Killed in Shootings With Semiautomatic Rifles
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- More people are wounded and killed in active shooter incidents in which semiautomatic rifles are used, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical...


Promising New Way to Identify Breast Cancer Tumors
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Molecular markers of breast cancer tumors can be identified by focusing on parameters of a cell's nucleus, and aided by machine learning, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in npj Breast Cancer. Rishi R. Rawat,...


Age, Sex, APOE Genotype Identify Alzheimer's, Dementia Risk
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Age, sex and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype can identify groups at high 10-year risk for Alzheimer's disease and all dementia, according to a study published Sept. 4 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical...


Dozens of Medical Groups Join Forces to Improve Diagnoses
FRIDAY, Sept. 21, 2018 -- Every nine minutes, a patient in a U.S. hospital dies because a diagnosis was wrong or delayed -- resulting in 80,000 deaths a year. That sobering estimate comes from the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine (SIDM). To...


Black Individuals at Highest Risk of Legal Intervention Injury
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Black males were at the highest risk of legal intervention injury per capita from 2005 to 2015, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in JAMA Network Open. Alyssa C. Mooney, M.P.H., from the University of...


Educational Disabilities More Likely With Neonatal Abstinence
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Children with a history of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are more likely to be referred for a disability evaluation and meet criteria for a disability, according to a study published in the September issue of...


Cannabinoid Trials Needed for Peds Neurologic Disorders
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- There is an urgent need for clinical trials to investigate the use of cannabinoids in pediatric patients with neurological disorders, according to a commentary published in the Aug. 27 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the...


Study Provides Estimates of U.S. Prevalence of Type 1, 2 Diabetes
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- The prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is 0.5 and 8.5 percent, respectively, among U.S. adults, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in The BMJ. Guifeng Xu, M.D., from the University of Iowa in Iowa City,...


Research Links Doctor Burnout to Patient Safety Incidents
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Physician burnout is associated with increased risk of patient safety incidents, poorer quality of care due to low professionalism, and reduced patient satisfaction, according to a review published online Sept. 4 in JAMA...


Gestational Diabetes Tied to Subsequent Glucose Disorders
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Untreated gestational diabetes (GD) is associated with development of subsequent glucose metabolism disorders in mothers, but is not significantly associated with the composite outcome of childhood overweight/obesity in...


Allopurinol Dose Escalation for Gout Doesn't Improve Mortality
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Allopurinol dose escalation is not associated with reductions in mortality risk among patients with gout, according to a study published in the August issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology. Brian W. Coburn, Ph.D., from...


Combo Physical, Mental Activity Prevents Cognitive Decline
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Behavioral activation that increases mental, physical, and social activity may prevent cognitive and functional decline in older black patients, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in JAMA Neurology. Barry W....


Statins Improve Long-Term Survival After AAA Repair
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Preoperative statin therapy is associated with higher long-term survival following abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery. Thomas F.X....


Few Yogurt Products Qualify As Low-Sugar
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- There is considerable variability in the sugar content of yogurts, with very few yogurts qualifying as low-sugar, according to a study published in the August issue of BMJ Open. J. Bernadette Moore, Ph.D., from the...


Crowdfunding for Cancer Tx Could Exploit Vulnerable Patients
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- There are fears that huge sums are being raised on crowdfunding sites for alternative cancer treatments that are not backed by evidence, according to a feature article published online Sept. 12 in The BMJ. Melanie Newman,...


Hospitals Charge 479 Percent of Cost of Drugs on Average
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- On average, hospitals mark up drugs by 479 percent of their cost, according to a report from The Moran Company, commissioned by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA). Researchers from The Moran...


>60 Percent of Adults Report Adverse Childhood Experiences
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- More than 60 percent of adults report having had at least one adverse childhood experience (ACE), and almost 25 percent report three or more, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics. Melissa T....


Cardiac Monitoring Needed for High-Risk Breast Cancer Patients
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Risk of cardiotoxicity is higher for patients receiving trastuzumab and/or anthracyclines for the treatment of breast cancer, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging. Mariana L....


Residents Should Take Advantage of Paid Time Off
THURSDAY, Sept. 20, 2018 -- Although there are many demands on residents, taking advantage of paid vacation time is one of the perks and should be maximized, according to an article published in the American Medical Association's AMA...


Patient-Directed IV Remifentanil Cuts Epidural Conversions
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Compared with intramuscular pethidine, use of intravenous remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in labor reduces the proportion of epidural conversions, according to a study published in the Aug. 25 issue of...


California Lawsuit Claims AbbVie Paid Doctors to Prescribe Humira
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- A lawsuit filed Tuesday in California claims that pharmaceutical company AbbVie used cash, gifts, and services to induce doctors to overprescribe the widely used drug Humira (adalimumab), ignoring the medicine's...


Medicaid Expansion Linked to Gains in Insurance Coverage
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Medicaid expansion was associated with gains in insurance among low-income adults with substance use disorders, but corresponding treatment gains were not seen, according to a study published in the August issue of...


No Clear Benefit for Rivaroxaban After Hospital Discharge
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Rivaroxaban does not lower risk of symptomatic venous thromboembolism and related death in medical patients after hospital discharge, compared to placebo, according to a study published in the Sept. 20 issue of the New...


Pediatricians Have Role in Supporting Transgender Youth
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement published online Sept. 17 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented to ensure comprehensive care and support for youth who identify as transgender and gender...


EPA Plan Will Maintain Carbon Emissions From Power Plants
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has formally released its proposal to replace the Clean Power Plan with the Affordable Clean Energy Rule, which will keep carbon emissions from power plants constant,...


Second HPV-Related Primary Cancers Common in Survivors
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- The risk of human papillomavirus-associated second primary cancers (HPV-SPCs) among survivors of HPV-associated cancers is significant, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in JAMA Network Open. Ryan Suk, from...


HTN Tx Intensification Common Upon Discharge in U.S. Vets
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Fourteen percent of older adults hospitalized with non-cardiac conditions are discharged with intensified antihypertensive treatment, of whom more than half had previously well-controlled outpatient blood pressure,...


Patient Health Information Often Shared Electronically
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- The most common electronically sent and received types of patient health information (PHI) include laboratory results and medication lists, according to a report published Aug. 15 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control...


Global Prevalence of Insufficient Activity 27.5 Percent
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- In 2016 the age-standardized prevalence of insufficient physical activity was 27.5 percent, according to a study published in the October issue of The Lancet Global Health. Regina Guthold, Ph.D., from the World Health...


20% of Children, Adolescents Use Prescription Medications
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Almost 20 percent of children and adolescents used prescription medications in 2013 to 2014, and 8.2 percent of concurrent users of prescription medications in 2009 to 2014 were at risk for a potentially major drug-drug...


Quarterly Canakinumab Reduces Risk for Gout Attacks
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Quarterly canakinumab administration is associated with significantly reduced risk for gout attacks without any change in serum uric acid levels, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in the Annals of Internal...


USPSTF Recommends Intensive Behavioral Change for Obesity
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- Primary care physicians should offer or refer obese patients to intensive behavioral interventions, according to a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) final recommendation statement published in the Sept. 18...


Opioid Deaths 1999 to 2015 May Be Dramatically Underestimated
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- States may be greatly underestimating the effect of opioid-related overdose deaths because of incomplete cause-of-death reporting, according to a study recently published in Public Health Reports. Jeanine M. Buchanich,...


Cardiac MR With Contrast Feasible in Developing World
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19, 2018 -- A cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with contrast protocol is feasible for implementation in the developing world and can impact management, according to a study published in the Sept. 4 issue of the Journal of the...